|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2021
|Revenue from Contract with Customer [Abstract]|
The Company accounts for revenue in accordance with ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. All revenue is recognized as our performance obligations are satisfied. A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to a customer, and is the unit of account under ASC 606. Under ASC 606, the Company breaks a contract into distinctly identifiable performance obligations. Most of our contracts with customers contain a single performance obligation. For contracts where we provide multiple services, such as where we perform multiple ancillary services that are priced separately, each service represents its own performance obligation. Selling prices are based on the contractual price for the service, which approximates their standalone selling price.
Many technology-enabled business solutions are invoiced based on receipt of payment by the practices which are our clients, for medical billing claims where the provider utilized our software or where we submitted a claim. For these solutions, the Company estimates the value of the consideration it will earn over the remaining contractual period as our services are provided and recognizes the fees over the term; this estimation involves predicting the amounts our clients will ultimately collect from the services they provided. The selling price of the Company’s services equals the contractual price. Certain significant estimates, such as payment-to-charge ratios, effective billing rates and the estimated contractual payment periods are required to measure revenue under ASC 606.
We apply the portfolio approach as permitted by ASC 606 as a practical expedient to contracts with similar characteristics, and we use estimates and assumptions when accounting for those portfolios. Our contracts generally include standard commercial payment terms. We have no significant obligations for refunds, warranties or similar obligations and our revenue does not include taxes collected from our customers.
Disaggregation of Revenue from Contracts with Customers
We derive the majority of our revenue from providing technology-enabled business solutions, including our integrated SaaS-based software platform and revenue cycle management services. In addition, we derive revenues from professional services, group purchasing services, printing and mailing services, and medical practice management services.
The following table represents a disaggregation of revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30:
SCHEDULE OF DISAGGREGATION OF REVENUE
Technology-enabled business solutions:
Most of our revenue comes from clients who are using subscription-based technology-enabled business solutions. These solutions typically include one or more elements of our proprietary cloud-based software-as-a-service (“SaaS”) platform, along with revenue cycle management and related services.
Practice management software automates the labor-intensive workflow of a medical office in a unified and streamlined manner. EHR software allows our healthcare provider clients to deliver better patient care, document their clinical visits effectively and to potentially qualify for government incentives, reduce documentation errors and reduce paperwork. Patient experience management software allows patients to schedule appointments, request refills, and view their electronic records online or via their mobile device. Business intelligence, robotic process automation, patient experience software, customized applications, interfaces and a variety of other technology solutions support our healthcare clients, either in conjunction with our practice management and EHR platform or through interfaces with third-party platforms. When these software elements are part of the technology-enabled business solution, they are normally included in a price, which is normally expressed as a percentage of the practice’s collections.
Revenue cycle management services are the recurring process of submitting and following up on claims with health insurance companies in order for the healthcare providers to receive payment for the services they rendered. Approximately 78% of our revenue is derived from clients using one or more elements of our technology platform and approximately 22% comes from clients using our other services.
The Company invoices many customers on a monthly basis based on the actual collections received by customers and the agreed-upon rate in the sales contract. The fee for these services typically includes use of practice management software and related tools (on a SaaS basis), electronic health records (on a SaaS basis), medical billing services and use of mobile health solutions. Alternatively, SaaS fees may be fixed based on the number of providers, or may be variable based on usage. We consider the services to be one performance obligation since the promises are not distinct in the context of the contract. The performance obligation consists of a series of distinct services that are substantially the same and have the same periodic pattern of transfer to our customers.
In many cases, our clients may terminate their agreements with 90 days’ notice without cause, thereby limiting the term in which we have enforceable rights and obligations, although this time period can vary between clients. Our payment terms are normally net 30 days. Although our contracts typically have stated terms of one or more years, under ASC 606, our contracts are considered month-to-month and accordingly, there is no financing component.
For the majority of our contracts, the total transaction price is variable because our obligation is to process an unknown quantity of claims, as and when requested by our customers over the contract period. When a contract includes variable consideration, we evaluate the estimate of the variable consideration to determine whether the estimate needs to be constrained; therefore, we include variable consideration in the transaction price only to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal of the amount of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with variable consideration is subsequently resolved. Estimates to determine variable consideration, such as payment to charge ratios, effective billing rates, and the estimated contractual payment periods, are updated at each reporting date. Revenue is recognized over the performance period using the input method.
Included in technology-enabled business solutions are ancillary services such as coding, credentialing and transcription that are rendered in connection with the delivery of revenue cycle management and related services. The Company invoices customers monthly, based on the actual amount of services performed at the agreed upon rate in the contract. These services are only offered to revenue cycle management customers. These services do not represent a material right because the services are optional to the customer and customers electing these services are charged the same price for those services as if they were on a standalone basis. Each individual ancillary service transaction processed represents a performance obligation, which is satisfied over time as that individual service is rendered.
Also included in technology-enabled business solutions are medical billing clearinghouse services that takes claim information from customers, checks the claims for errors and sends this information electronically to insurance companies. The Company invoices customers on a monthly basis based on the number of claims submitted and the agreed-upon rate in the agreement. This service is provided to medical practices and providers to medical practices who are not revenue cycle management customers. The performance obligation is satisfied once the relevant submissions are completed.
The Company provides implementation and professional services to certain customers and records revenue monthly on a time and materials or a fixed rate basis. These services consist of implementation, advisory and on demand staffing. This is a separate performance obligation from any revenue cycle management and SaaS services provided, for which the Company receives and records monthly fees. The performance obligation is satisfied over time as the professional services are rendered.
Substantially all of the professional services obligations consist of a series of distinct services that are substantially the same and have the same periodic pattern of transfer to our customers. Revenue is recognized over time.
Other revenue streams:
The Company provides printing and mailing services for both technology-enabled business solutions and a customer that does not utilize our technology-enabled business solutions, and invoices on a monthly basis based on the number of prints, the agreed-upon rate per print and the postage incurred. The performance obligation is satisfied once the printing and mailing is completed.
The Company also provides group purchasing services that enable medical providers to purchase various vaccines directly from selected pharmaceutical companies at a discounted price. Currently, there are approximately 4,000 medical providers who are members of the program. Revenue is recognized as the vaccine shipments are made to the medical providers. Fees from the pharmaceutical companies are paid either quarterly or annually and the Company adjusts its revenue accrual at the time of payment. The Company makes significant judgments regarding the variable consideration that we expect to be entitled to for the group purchasing services, which includes the anticipated shipments to the members enrolled in the program, anticipated volumes of purchases made by the members, and the changes in the number of members. The amounts recorded are constrained by estimates of decreases in shipments and loss of members to avoid a significant revenue reversal in the subsequent period. The only performance obligation is to provide the pharmaceutical companies with the medical providers who want to become members in order to purchase vaccines. The performance obligation is satisfied once the medical provider agrees to purchase a specific quantity of vaccines and the medical provider’s information is forwarded to the vaccine suppliers. The Company records a contract asset for revenue earned and not paid, as the ultimate payment is conditioned on achieving certain volume thresholds.
For all of the above revenue streams other than group purchasing services and printing and mailing, revenue is recognized over time, which is typically one month or less, which closely matches the point in time that the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits provided by the Company. For the group purchasing services, revenue is recognized at a point in time. Each service is substantially the same and has the same periodic pattern of transfer to the customer. Each of the services provided above is considered a separate performance obligation.
Medical practice management services:
The Company also provides medical practice management services under long-term management service agreements to three medical practices. We provide the medical practices with the nurses, administrative support, facilities, supplies, equipment, marketing, RCM, accounting, and other non-clinical services needed to efficiently operate their practices. Revenue is recognized as the services are provided to the medical practices. Revenue recorded in the consolidated statements of operations represents the reimbursement of costs paid by the Company for the practices and the management fee earned each month for managing the practice. The management fee is based on either a fixed fee or a percentage of the net operating income.
The Company assumes all financial risk for the performance of the managed medical practices. Revenue is impacted by the amount of the costs incurred by the practices and their operating income. The gross billing of the practices is impacted by billing rates, changes in current procedural terminology code reimbursement and collection trends which impacts the management fee that the Company is entitled to. Billing rates are reviewed at least annually and adjusted based on current insurer reimbursement practices. The performance obligation is satisfied as the management services are provided.
Our contracts for medical practice management services have approximately an additional 20 years remaining and are only cancellable under very limited circumstances. The Company receives a management fee each month for managing the day-to-day business operations of each medical group as a fixed fee or a percentage payment of the net operating income, which is included in revenue in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Our medical practice management services obligations consist of a series of distinct services that are substantially the same and have the same periodic pattern of transfer to our customers. Revenue is recognized over time; however, for reporting and convenience purposes, the management fee is computed at each month end.
Information about contract balances:
The contract assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets represent the revenue associated with the amounts we estimate our clients will ultimately collect if our charges are based on a percentage of collections, together with amounts related to the group purchasing services. As of September 30, 2021, the estimated revenue expected to be recognized in the future related to the remaining performance obligations outstanding was approximately $4.1 million. We expect to recognize substantially all of the revenue for the remaining performance obligations over the next three months. Approximately $544,000 of the contract asset represents revenue earned, but not yet paid, from the group purchasing services.
Accounts receivable are shown separately at their net realizable value in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. Amounts that we are entitled to collect under the applicable contract are recorded as accounts receivable. Invoicing is performed at the end of each month when the services have been provided. The contract asset results from our revenue cycle management services and is due to the timing of revenue recognition, submission of claims from our customers and payments from the insurance providers. The contract asset includes our right to payment for services already transferred to a customer when the right to payment is conditional on something other than the passage of time. For example, contracts for revenue cycle management services where we recognize revenue over time but do not have a contractual right to payment until the customer receives payment of their claim from the insurance provider. The contract asset also includes the revenue accrued, not received, for the group purchasing services.
The contract asset was approximately $4.7 million and $4.1 million as of September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Changes in the contract asset are recorded as adjustments to net revenue. The changes primarily result from providing services to customers that result in additional consideration and are offset by our right to payment for services becoming unconditional and changes in the revenue accrued for the group purchasing services. The contract asset for our group purchasing services is reduced when we receive payments from vaccine manufacturers and is increased for revenue earned, not received. Deferred revenue represents sign-up fees received from customers that are amortized over three years. The opening and closing balances of the Company’s accounts receivable, contract asset and deferred revenue are as follows for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020:
SCHEDULE OF ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE, CONTRACT ASSET AND DEFERRED REVENUE
Our sales incentive plans include commissions payable to employees and third parties at the time of initial contract execution that are capitalized as incremental costs to obtain a contract. The capitalized commissions are amortized over the period the related services are transferred. As we do not offer commissions on contract renewals, we have determined the amortization period to be the estimated client life which is three years for contracts entered into by CCH. Deferred commissions were approximately $922,000 and $870,000 at September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and are included in the other assets amounts in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The entire disclosure of revenue from contract with customer to transfer good or service and to transfer nonfinancial asset. Includes, but is not limited to, disaggregation of revenue, credit loss recognized from contract with customer, judgment and change in judgment related to contract with customer, and asset recognized from cost incurred to obtain or fulfill contract with customer. Excludes insurance and lease contracts.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef